Quiz: Getting to grips with eczema

Eczema is a common skin condition that impacts millions worldwide.

Incidence rates in infants and healthcare workers are especially high, with eczema being recognized as an occupational disease for the latter.

Eczema is generally chronic and multifactorial, making it difficult to prevent, manage and treat. The cause of eczema is also not yet fully understood, and it remains to be confirmed whether the condition first arises due to internal conditions such as skin structure alterations, or external environmental triggers. The human microbiome is also thought to influence the development and severity of eczema, but it is a complex relationship and more research is needed in this area.

So, over July, we decided to team up with two experts – child nutritionist Ifeyinwa Omesiete and dietitian nutritionist Malina Malkani – to bring you in-depth content around the prevalence, causes and treatment options for eczema, with a focus on infants.

Now it’s time to test your knowledge by taking our eczema quiz….

Don’t forget to check out our latest eczema content from Ifeyinwa Omesiete and Malina Malkani, we well as our Atopic Dermatitis Basics.

Supporting references for quiz

1. https://nationaleczema.org/research/eczema-facts/

2. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/wellness-and-prevention/managing-eczema-in-winter-and-year-round-a-parents-guide

3. https://nationaleczema.org/blog/what-is-my-skin-barrier/#:~:text=People%20with%20eczema%20tend%20to,to%20a%20weakened%20skin%20barrier.

4. Kezic et al. Loss-of-Function Mutations in the Filaggrin Gene Lead to Reduced Level of Natural Moisturizing Factor in the Stratum Corneum. J. Invest. Dermatol. 128, 2117-2119 (2008).

5. Sandilands, A. et al. Filaggrin in the frontline: role in skin barrier function and disease. J. Cell Sci. 122, 1285-1294 (2009).

6. Nowika, D. et al. Host-microbe interaction on the skin and its role in the pathogenesis and treatment of atopic dermatitis. Pathogens 11, 71 (2022).

7. Pothmann, A. et al. The microbiome and atopic dermatitis: a review. Am. J. Clin. Dermatol. 20, 749-761 (2019).

8. Totte JE, van der Feltz WT, Hennekam M, van Belkum A, van Zuuren EJ, Pasmans SG. Prevalence and odds of Staphylococcus aureus carriage in atopic dermatitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Dermatol 2016; 175: 687–695.

9. McLaughlin, J. et al. Propionibacterium acnes and Acne Vulgaris: New Insights from the Integration of Population Genetic, Multi-Omic, Biochemical and Host-Microbe Studies. Microorganisms 7, 128 (2019).

10. Lewis, D. J. et al. Mechanisms of microbial pathogenesis and the role of the skin microbiome in psoriasis: A review. Clin. Dermatol. 37, 160-166 (2019).

11. https://thesecretlifeofskin.com/2022/06/27/eczema-and-food-allergy/

12. Łoś-Rycharska, E. et al. The microbiome and its impact on food allergy and atopic dermatitis in children. Postepy Dermatol. Alergol. 37, 641–650 (2020).

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