Linking eczema to the microbiome

Editorial June 14, 2019

CURIOSITIES

The editorial team at The Secret Life of Skin.

Over the past decade, the knowledge around the microbiome has increased exponentially. New research has now explored the possible connection between the skin microbiome and eczema.

Eczema is a type of inflammatory skin disease that disrupts the skin barrier and its ability to hold moisture.[1] Symptoms vary from itchy, red, small blister to dry, darkened, thickened skin that can have an affect on various parts of the body. This chronic inflammatory skin disease can pose a significant disruption on an individual’s quality of life, with triggers and effects varying.

Symptoms vary from itchy, red, small blister to dry, darkened, thickened skin that can have an affect on various parts of the body

 

Despite a significant amount of research, medical scientists have not determined its causes or a cure.[2]

Recent research is promising however: researchers studied one type of microbiome bacteria, Staphylococci aureus (S. aureus) and its association with eczema. This bacteria release toxins and enzymes that break down the skin barrier, that can be combatted by culturing other “good” bacteria to prevent flare-ups.

Our recent contribution by Dr Hillebrand explores this latest development in more detail here.

 

 

[1] https://www.worldallergy.org/UserFiles/file/WAOAtopicDermatitisInfographic2018.pdf

[2] https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-05-skin-microbiome-imbalance-eczema-flareups.htm

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